The Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates was established in 1989. The list pertains to candidates considered likely to win the Nobel Prize in their respective field. The candidates are so named based on the impact of their published research. The list of awardees is announced annually prior to the Nobel Prize ceremonies of that year. Citation rates disclose researchers furnishing instrumental contributions that advance the science of their respective field. Choosing one tenth of one percent (0.1%) of the highest impact papers winnows the analysis to the topics and people most likely to be selected by Nobel selection committee.