This Project aims to identify critical habitat and dispersal corridors for mammals by applying a novel interdisciplinary landscape genetics approach to genetic and spatial data. This Project expects to generate new knowledge on the evolutionary significance of landscapes in the Pilbara that have facilitated species persistence. Expected outcomes are the incorporation of evolutionary processes into multi-species systematic conservation planning and enhanced capacity to inform conservation and sustainable development in the Pilbara. Significant benefits include alignment of conservation approaches across industry and government stakeholders, and implementation of best-practice conservation science in a biodiversity hotspot. Student projects will use landscape genomics data across the Pilbara to infer responses of small mammals to past climate change.